Categories: English

Basic Grammar Rules in English – Sentences and Nouns

Sentences and Nouns

For effective communication, “Sentence Structure” is very important.

So, what is a Sentence? A sentence is one that makes complete sense. It begins with a capital letter and ends with a Punctuation. A sentence needs to express a complete thought.

The structure of a sentence includes Subject(எழுவாய்) and Predicate(பயனிலை). It can covey any type of message as following:

  • Assertive Sentence or Statement. (சாதாரண வாக்கியம்) E.g. This is a sentence.
  • Interrogative Sentence or Question. (வினா வாக்கியம்) E.g. Is This a sentence?
  • Imperative Sentence or Order/Suggestion. (கட்டளை வாக்கியம்) E.g. Write a Sentence.
  • Exclamatory Sentence or Surprise/Shock. (வியப்பு வாக்கியம்) E.g. This is a Sentence!

 

Now back to Subject and Predicate.

Subject – The first part of a Sentence that denotes a Noun(பெயர்ச்சொல்). It’s the naming part of a Sentence.

Predicate – The second part of a sentence that contains a verb and something about the object. It has all the action.

E.g. Sentence: Mary likes to play chess.

Here, ‘Mary’ is the Subject. ‘Likes to play Chess’ is the Predicate.

So, what is a Noun? A Noun is a word that identifies people, places, or naming things.

E.g. Mary, The Taj Mahal, Chair.

The first five different types of the noun are:

  • Common Noun (பொதுப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers commonly to people, place or things. E.g. Dog, Boy, City, Country.
  • Proper Noun (சிறப்புப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers to a particulate of the common noun group. E.g. Sheila, India, Monday.
  • Concrete Noun (நிலைப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers to any name, place, or thing that can be seen, felt, and touched. E.g. book, building, tune.
  • Abstract Noun (கருத்துப் பெயர்ச்சொல்)– refers to nouns that can’t be seen or touched. E.g. honesty, happiness, friendship, humor.
  • Collective Noun (குழுப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers to groups of people or things. E.g. family, team, a pair of scissors, audience.

Practice:

  • Find the types of sentences for the following:
  1. Mia goes to the library every day.
  2. What a beautiful piece of art!
  3. How long will you stay in Delhi?
  4. Let’s go camping together.
  5. How fast she runs!
  • Find the appropriate noun:
  1. A flock of birds flew into the forest.
  2. Familiarity breeds contempt.
  3. Australia is under attack from global warming.
  4. Religions of the world are many.
  5. The flowers in the garden bloom only at night.

Next time with the answers; more types of nouns and verbs.

Until then,

Aishwarya K.

Yuvathi

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