Sentences and Nouns
For effective communication, “Sentence Structure” is very important.
So, what is a Sentence? A sentence is one that makes complete sense. It begins with a capital letter and ends with a Punctuation. A sentence needs to express a complete thought.
The structure of a sentence includes Subject(எழுவாய்) and Predicate(பயனிலை). It can covey any type of message as following:
- Assertive Sentence or Statement. (சாதாரண வாக்கியம்) E.g. This is a sentence.
- Interrogative Sentence or Question. (வினா வாக்கியம்) E.g. Is This a sentence?
- Imperative Sentence or Order/Suggestion. (கட்டளை வாக்கியம்) E.g. Write a Sentence.
- Exclamatory Sentence or Surprise/Shock. (வியப்பு வாக்கியம்) E.g. This is a Sentence!
Now back to Subject and Predicate.
Subject – The first part of a Sentence that denotes a Noun(பெயர்ச்சொல்). It’s the naming part of a Sentence.
Predicate – The second part of a sentence that contains a verb and something about the object. It has all the action.
E.g. Sentence: Mary likes to play chess.
Here, ‘Mary’ is the Subject. ‘Likes to play Chess’ is the Predicate.
So, what is a Noun? A Noun is a word that identifies people, places, or naming things.
E.g. Mary, The Taj Mahal, Chair.
The first five different types of the noun are:
- Common Noun (பொதுப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers commonly to people, place or things. E.g. Dog, Boy, City, Country.
- Proper Noun (சிறப்புப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers to a particulate of the common noun group. E.g. Sheila, India, Monday.
- Concrete Noun (நிலைப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers to any name, place, or thing that can be seen, felt, and touched. E.g. book, building, tune.
- Abstract Noun (கருத்துப் பெயர்ச்சொல்)– refers to nouns that can’t be seen or touched. E.g. honesty, happiness, friendship, humor.
- Collective Noun (குழுப் பெயர்ச்சொல்) – refers to groups of people or things. E.g. family, team, a pair of scissors, audience.
- Find the types of sentences for the following:
- Mia goes to the library every day.
- What a beautiful piece of art!
- How long will you stay in Delhi?
- Let’s go camping together.
- How fast she runs!
- Find the appropriate noun:
- A flock of birds flew into the forest.
- Familiarity breeds contempt.
- Australia is under attack from global warming.
- Religions of the world are many.
- The flowers in the garden bloom only at night.
Next time with the answers; more types of nouns and verbs.